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Simplifying PCOS: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Did you know, one in five women in India currently suffer from PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome). This complex reproductive and hormonal disorder affects many parts of your

Common PCOS Symptoms

Its symptoms–range from cysts or bumps on the ovaries, weight gain/difficulty losing weight, and irregular or absent periods. Some of the other symptoms include:

  • Male pattern hair growth, such as excessive growth on the face, chest, stomach, thumbs, and toes
  • Darkening of the skin around the neck, groin, armpits, and other areas
  • Acne
  • Fertility problems such as difficulty conceiving or having a successful pregnancy.

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, consult your doctor.


They’re not the same. In PCOD the ovaries start releasing immature eggs that lead to hormonal imbalances and swollen ovaries, among other symptoms; while in PCOS, endocrine issues cause the ovaries to produce excess androgens, which makes eggs prone to becoming cysts.

The Three Main Causes Of PCOS

PCOS occurs when a woman’s body experiences a high level of “male hormones” (called androgens). These hormones prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs regularly. Thus the occasional skipped period or an irregular cycle.

Genetics can play a role as well. You may be more at risk for PCOS if you have family members with the disorder or other hormonal disorders like diabetes or thyroid disease.

Finally, lifestyle choices can increase your risk of having PCOS. Being overweight or obese is linked to higher levels of male hormones. So are eating unhealthy foods and not getting enough exercise.

PCOS and Pregnancy : What Women Should Know

Conceiving is difficult for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Plus, you are at a higher risk for specific problems or complications during pregnancy.

Treatments for PCOS

Well, the good news is that there are a lot of things you can do to help manage your PCOS symptoms.

  • Healthy Eating

Eating a healthy diet is the first step to managing your PCOS. This means cutting down on sugar and processed foods while increasing fiber-rich foods like fruits and vegetables, as well as complex carbohydrates and lean proteins. A healthy diet can help you lose weight, regulate blood sugar levels, and reduce insulin resistance.

Women with PCOS should eat regular, balanced meals that are low in sugar and fat. A laundry list of food includes whole grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, healthy fats, nuts, seeds, and lean proteins such as chicken, fish, or egg whites.

  • Exercise

Regular exercise helps regulate hormones and maintain a healthy weight, reducing the risk of complications associated with PCOS. Aim for at least an hour of moderate exercise three to five times weekly. Choose activities you like, such as swimming, jogging, or dancing, for the best results. Exercise also boosts your body’s sensitivity to insulin, which helps regulate blood sugar levels.

  • Stress Management

Stress can increase your chances of getting PCOS and worsen your condition. So it’s essential to manage stress in everyday life through relaxation techniques like yoga or mindfulness meditation to control symptoms of PCOS.

  • Medication

Sometimes lifestyle changes aren’t enough to manage symptoms of PCOS, so your doctor may also prescribe some medications. Common medications used for treating PCOS include birth control pills, metformin and anti-androgen drugs.

To summarize, with the right combination of lifestyle changes, natural remedies, and medical treatments, you can minimize the symptoms of PCOS and take the necessary steps towards lasting hormonal balance.